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Get Started with Gardening

Get Start with Terrace Gardening

 

The term “Terrace Garden” can refer to two different types of gardens. In one sense, a terrace garden is a garden which is established on a terrace, roof, or patio, usually in a house where there is limited gardening space.

Terrace gardens in the sense of patio or rooftop gardens can be ornamental or functional, and they are usually designed with container plants to make the terrace easier to manage.

Some people like to grow fresh herbs and vegetables on their terraces, while others want to create a green retreat

 

Some important points required for terrace gardening

Seed

A seed is an embryonic plant enclosed in a protective outer covering. The formation of the seed is part of the process of reproduction in seed plants, the spermatophytes, including the gymnosperm and angiosperm plants.

 

Sowing

Is the simplest (and often the least expensive) way to introduce new plants into the garden. Seeds can be sown directly into the garden (in situ), or in containers where they are grown to a hardy size for transplanting into the garden.

In sowing, little if any soil is placed over the seeds. More precisely, seeds can be generally sown into the soil by maintaining a planting depth of about 2-3 times the size of the seed.

 

Sowing types and patterns

Seed sowing

Sowing or (Planting) is the process of casting handfuls of seed over prepared media or broadcasting. Usually, a drag is employed to incorporate the seed into the media.

Several patterns for sowing may be used together with these types; these include:

  • Regular rows.
  • Rows that are indented at the even rows (so that the seeds are placed in a crossed pattern). This method is much better, as more light may fall on the seedlings as they come out.
  • Please refer sowing seeds blog for complete information.

 

Containers

  • A container is any object like a pot in any shape/size.
  • It should be able to hold water and soil and other ingredients in the container.
  • A good thick UV treated plastic grow bag can be used.

 

Germination

For seed germination, the seeds require enough moisture around them. Germination time depends on various reasons like climate, source and health of the seeds, etc. Once seeds germinate, let them stabilise for a few days. The initial leaves that come out of the seed are not the real ones. When you see about 5 leaves, you can differentiate between the first set of leaves and the “true” leaves .

Solanaceous crops (tomato, brinjal)   -   15-20 days

Green leafy vegetables                         -   10-15 days

Gourds                                                     -    10-15 days

 

Sunlight

Different plants have different sunlight requirements. Some do well in semi-shade, some need 3-4 hours of sunlight, some require more and some require less.

Irrigation

Do not over water and do not under water. On an average, watering every alternate day is good enough. preferably morning is good for watering.  Monitor your plants and you will notice when they look dried up or not. If you over water, the water that drains out will take away the nutrients.  And of course,you are wasting water too!

 

Pests of crops

 AphidsThripsLeaf Hoppers

                               Aphids                                                    Thrips                                                  Leafhoppers

 White FliesTingid BugsMites

                            Whiteflies                                               Tingid bugs                                               Mites

 

  

Diseases  of crops

 Powdery MildewDowny MildewEarly Blight

                        Powdery mildew                                   Downy mildew                                         Early Blight

 

 

 Late BlightLeaf SpotFusarium Wilt

                         Late blight                                              Leafspot                                                   Fusarium wilt

 

 Bacterial Wilt

                       Bacterial wilt

 

 

Pest Management Practices

  • First use a jet spray of water and get rid of all the insects from your plant. Use your fingers if needed. Usually the bottle spray is not useful here. Instead use the water hose directly. Give the plant a complete wash. Wait for 1-2 days and see if they come back. Give a second wash if necessary.
  • Neem oil: Add 10 ml of Neem oil to 1 liter of water. To this, add about 5 drops of liquid handwash or 2-3 pinches of detergent. Mix it all well and give a generous spray to all the affected parts of the plant, especially the underside of the leaves. This you can do once in 10 days or so.
  • Chilly/garlic/ginger: Many folks make a paste of either one or a combination of chilli/garlic/ginger, dilute it with water and spray them on the plants. I have not tried these before, but you can use this if need be. Crush 1 chilly and 1 garlic pod, mix it with 100 ml water and leave it overnight. Filter out the water, then mix this in about 5 liters of water and spray ONLY on 1 plant. Or one portion of the plant. Wait for a day or 2; see if it has any bad effects. Change the proportions accordingly.
  • Panchagavya is made out of 5 ingredients and hence its name – cow dung, cow urine, cow milk, ghee and curd. Some folks add in bananas and jaggery too. It can be used for all types of pest and diseases.

 

Plant care

  • Plants should be fertilized only when they are actively growing. Most plants will not need to be fertilized more than once every 1 – 3 months, between March and September. During the short days of winter, plants experience a rest period and usually need very little or no additional fertilizer.
  • A general rule of thumb to follow is to use 3 pounds of vermicompost per 100 square feet of garden space. Another way to approach it is feeding each plant with about 1/2 cup of vermicompost every 2 months during the growing season.
  • Plant meal is rich in macro and micronutrients including microbes.

 

Harvesting

  • All Leafy Vegetables can be harvested in 35-45 Days
  • Palak, Amaranthus, Coriander – cut once and pluck from roots later
  • Tomato, Starts in 2.5 months and yields for 2 months
  • Brinjal starts @ 2.5 months and yields for 1 year, Requires pruning
  • Each vegetable plant has a certain life span, after which need to be uprooted.

 

Importance of crop rotation

Crop rotation is a systematic approach to deciding which crop to plant where in your vegetable garden from one year to the next. The goals of crop rotation are to help manage soil fertility and also to help avoid or reduce problems with soil-borne diseases and some soil-dwelling insects, such as corn rootworms.

What are the advantages of terrace gardens?

  • Some of the benefits to health, aesthetics and environment include:
  • Reduce indoor temperature by 6- 8 degrees and can reduce air conditioning cost
  • Reduce overall heat absorption of buildings and insulate the building against heat and cold, Convenience of safe, pesticide-free, healthy green and fresh vegetable
  • Conducive to a routine of physical exercise, clean air and being close to nature Increases the amount of oxygen, reduces sound pollution, acts as a habitat for city-weary birds.

 

Greenhouse Gardening 

Greenhouse gardening is actually the next level of gardening and many gardeners doubt to build their own greenhouse due to the cost. But the question here is the benefits that you can get by building a greenhouse. 

As said earlier, it takes a lot of courage and motivation to build your own greenhouse. Only those who are serious about gardening or those who are passionate about gardening will pay the money to build their greenhouse.

Greenhouse Gardening Benefits:

 • Reduces indoor temperature by 6 - 8 degrees and can reduce air conditioning cost
 • Reduces overall heat absorption of buildings and insulate the building against heat and cold
 • Convenience of safe, pesticide-free, healthy green and fresh vegetables
 • Conducive to a routine of physical exercise, clean air and being close to nature
 • Increases amount of oxygen in the air
 • Reduce sound pollution
 • Consistent Gardening
 • Protection for Plants
 • Optimum Growing Environment for Plants
 • All Season Gardening
 • Ditch Landscaping
 • Easy Customizations
 • Greenhouse as All in One Gardening Place
 • Multipurpose Gardening Spot

  

 Gardening FAQ’s

1. Can we manage pest and disease in terrace garden?

Yes, we can

2. Is there any seepage problem?

No.

3. Using containers, growbags, pot and stand will affect the terrace?

No

4. Is it easy to maintain terrace garden?

Yes, it is.

More Gardening FAQ’s

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