Home Composting

Home Composting

Imagine if after some days or after few years the waste pickers stop coming to pick up the waste from your lane, apartments or complex or it may happen that there will be no landfill area left to dump our daily waste. Then have you imagine what will happen????

Your surroundings will get loaded by all garbage piles with foul odor wherein you can't breathe, the population of mosquitoes or other harmful insects will grow which will start spreading various diseases. And even without any option, you may have to walk on this garbage pile, when you step out from your house. So if you don't want to face this terrible situation in future, there is a simple way to get rid of this situation which will not take much of your time from your busy schedule.
The simple way is that start composting from your daily waste. As out of total 100% waste which is generated in your home in daily routine, 80% organic waste that is your kitchen waste is generated, which can be converted into useful organic manure for plants or trees.

Composting is the process in which Microorganisms break down complex organic matter, such as your household kitchen waste into simple useful nutrients for the plants. Composting can be done Outdoor (Terrace/Balcony) and  Indoor.

Outdoor Composting
(Aerobic Method)

  • Khamba is used for the outdoor method of composting.
  • It consists of separate stacks/units and lid which is made up of terracotta.
  • It is an Aerobic method of composting.
  • Aerobic composting is decomposition of organic matter using microorganisms that require oxygen.

Materials Required for Composting:

  • Composter
  • Organic kitchen waste
  • Dry Leaves
  • Remix Powder (It is made of coco-peat and some accelerators)
  • Microbes
  • Rake
  • Sieve

Usage:

For Unit C:

  • Unit C is a bottom unit which acts like the store for almost done compost.
  • It does not shift, remains always at the bottom place.
  • Line the inside unit C with 3-4 inches of dry leaves/remix powder to absorb the water discharged during decomposition, known as leachate

For Unit A:

  • Unit A is the top unit.
  • The base of Unit-A is woven by a mesh and plastic wire to let pass air inside it.
  • Cover the inside mesh of Unit-A with a single layer of newspaper.
  • Add 4 fistfuls of remix powder and spread it uniformly in the unit/stack.
  • Then add your first lot of kitchen waste and spread it uniformly.
  • Cover the kitchen waste with remix powder (3-5 fistfuls) and again cover it with a single layer of newspaper.
  • Next day when you want to add your kitchen waste, remove the newspaper and repeat this same layering procedure daily till the composter is full.
  • When the unit A gets full, stir well, add microbes powder and check the moisture of the pile.
  • Then shift unit A to the middle and unit B to the top.

For Unit B:

  • Unit B is the middle unit that is interchangeable with the top unit A.
  • The base of unit B is woven by a mesh and plastic wire to let pass air inside it.
  • Follow the same above procedure of unit A.

This is how you have to layer all your three units.

  • When Unit B is full. Transfer the semi-composted material of unit A into unit C to mature.
  • Your compost is ready to use in 45-60 days.
  • Sieve it and Use.

Note:

  • Check your pile daily. Your pile should not be too dry, nor too wet.
  • If your pile is too dry sprinkle some amount of water to the pile and stir.
  • If your pile is too wet spread some amount of remix powder and stir.
  • Add baking soda if more citrus waste is being added in your pile to balance acidity.
  • Add 2 teaspoons of Turmeric powder in all container every week to get rid of white and black maggots.
  • If your pile is attacked by red ants, then use vinegar around the pot and outside liberally. Not inside. Also baby powder helps apparently.
  • If you find lizards and spiders in the composter, then you have to spray some lemon grass and vinegar spray on them and on the pile.
  • You can add non-veg waste but it will take more time for decomposition.

Indoor Composting
(Anaerobic Method)

  • The indoor method of composting is done by using a plastic bin.
  • It consists of a lid, strainer and tap.
  • It is an Anaerobic method of composting.
  • Anaerobic composting is decomposition of organic matter using microorganisms that does not require oxygen.

Materials Required For Composting:

  • Composter
  • Organic Kitchen Waste
  • Bio gloom powder ( It is made of micro-organisms)
  • Jaggery
  • Camphor
  • Smart Press
  • Newspaper
  • Rake

Usage:

  • Add 2-3 tablespoon of jaggery to the bottom of the bin.
  • Then above it place the strainer and cover it with a single layer of a newspaper just to close the holes of the strainer.
  • Add 1 fistful of bio gloom powder and spread it uniformly.
  • Then add your first lot of kitchen waste and spread it uniformly.
  • Press the pile down with a smart press to remove the air gaps and close it with the lid.
  • Repeat this procedure daily, till the composter gets full with the pile up to the rim of the lid.
  • When your first bin is full, start the same layering process of composting with the second bin.
  • You can add non-veg waste. For one fistful of non-veg waste add 2 fistfuls of bio gloom.

Note:

  • For one fistful of kitchen waste add one fistful of bio gloom.
  • You can collect the leachate from the lower side of the bin through tap and can use this leachate for the plants as a liquid nutrient.
  • Keep camphor above the lid which keeps the insects away from your composter.

These are the Outdoor and Indoor method of composting. Which will convert all your organic kitchen waste into useful plant nutrients. This will also help to reduce the burden from landfill areas and will also save ground water by not getting polluted/contaminated.