Why are my vegetables rotten before harvesting and What are these yellowish spot on my veggies?

Vegetables are damaged even before it has ripped due to these fruit flies.

Fruit flies are an annoying pest, they are also called as melon fly.

When fruit flies infest your garden, they destroy the vegetables and fruits within a short span of time. The time and energy spent nurturing and creating a beautiful garden is shattered by a tiny bud at the time of harvesting.

This guide to control fruit fly, will help you understand the behaviour of fruit flies and make informed decisions about controlling these pests in your terrace or balcony garden.

How to identify of Fruit fly

  • Adult flies are slightly larger than normal fly.
  • Their body is reddish yellow with light yellow and black stripes, and the head yellowish with black spots.
  • Wings are patterned with thick brown band extending along the edges.

The damage caused in the garden

  • Young, green and tender fruits are infected by these insects for laying eggs.
  • Females lay eggs at 2 to 4 mm deep in the fruit pulp, and the maggots feed inside the developing fruits.
  • The fruits attacked at early stages fail to develop, and drop or rot on the plant.
  • The affected plants are mostly cucurbites and other creepers plants i.e bittergourd, cucumbers, eggplant, melons, pumpkins, squashs, watermelon, and zucchini
  • Fruit fly infestation is seen throughout the year and excess during spring season (April-May).

How to prevent and control Fruit Fly infestation in garden

Prevention Measures

  • Bagging the fruits with polythene covers, netted cloth at young stage of the fruit.
  • Cue lure and bait traps for attracting the adult fruit flies.
  • Install Phenomenon traps in garden.
  • Fruit flies stay away from white colour so cover your fruits with a white cloth.

Control Measures

  • Daily observation of the garden is required
  • Observation of fruits, vegetables at young stage.
  • Bagging is required for all the creeper plants.
  • If infected fruit is observed, destruction of affected fruits.
  • Precautionary spray of neem oil 5 ml/lt.
  • Spray sasyrakshak 10 ml/lt at initial stages of infestation.