Five Balcony Gardening Tips which you need to know

Five Balcony Gardening Tips which you need to know

With increasing of concrete cities and urbanization, balcony gardening are gaining importance. You don’t need a patio to create a luscious garden; it is not difficult to transform your empty balcony into a real small garden. Your balcony garden must be easy to maintain and initially don’t go for larger commitments. So keep it simple, if you don’t have time to maintain, grow less care plants. Build up your garden gradually, begin with few plants, and understand your balconies environment and requirements of plants.

It may seem impossible to have an organic vegetable garden in your balconies, there is a way to achieve balcony bliss! 

Here are some balcony gardening tips that are helpful in creating a fabulous garden in your balcony& convert your empty balcony into a luscious garden.


Get your sunlight duration right

Take time to learn how many hours of sun rays per day your balcony receives. If your balcony is east facing, you’ll receive morning sunlight of about five hours. This helps in determining what plants you should grow. Notice the indirect sunlight that covers the balcony i.e. no trees or walls blocking large portions of the sky. Even a north-facing balcony can be a happy home for many plants if there is sufficient indirect light. 

For complete sunlight plants are Grasses, Succulents, Morning Glory Vines, Strawberries, Lettuce, Lavender, Oregano, Sage, Mint and Basil. 

For more shady area plants are Coleus, English Ivy, Ferns, Fuschia, Peace Lilies, Snake plant, Ciconium and Begonias.

Shady Balcony Garden

If you have a shady balcony, still you can have a garden. You can make the most of your balcony facing north or east by growing plants that grow in less sunlight.

Sunny Balcony Garden

Balconies facing south and east get complete sunlight almost all day long. This means you should grow plants that love direct sunlight and optimize greenery. Some examples of plants that grow in the sunlight are:

Leafy vegetables, Tomato, Chillies, Brinjal, Succulents, Morning Glory Vines, Strawberries, Lettuce, Lavender, Oregano, Sage, Mint, Basil etc


Selection of the plants for your balcony depends upon various factors like duration of sunlight, direction of balcony facing, any shaded region, withstanding capacity of your balcony and any railing or grill system.  

Make an organic vegetable garden

It is possible to develop a small organic vegetable garden on your balcony. If you’ve planned to grow fruits and vegetables in balcony then ensure atleast 5 hours of direct sunlight and always buy dwarf and hybrid varieties. Of course, you cannot feed your family, but you can still have your own organic vegetable garden and consume delicious harvest.  Vegetables like tomatoes, capsicum, chilies, brinjal, green leafy vegetables and all the herbal plants. 

Make an Herbal or Medicinal Garden

An herbal or medicinal garden is another wonderful option for a balcony that doesn’t require more space. Your herbs can double as both a source of food and seek for green look. Thyme, Rosemary, Basil, Sage, Lavender, Coleus, Tulsi, oregano, mint etc.

If you are opting for low-maintenance balcony garden- then go for succulents, peace lily, Zinnia, Snake plant, etc

Use your walls or railing to create extra space

If you love sitting outside on your balcony but due to lack of privacy you don’t, so you can integrate plants or use railing as trellis to support vines and climbers and hide your wall or railing that will make a more aesthetically place for you to sit and relax.

The best way to do this is grow climbers like ivy, clematis, morning glory, honeysuckle and jasmine, exotic vines like passion flower or edible plants like beans.


Give your plants a good watering depending upon the verity of the plant. But make sure you don’t rush watering.

Water your plants most likely once per day in the summer. Terracotta pots also require more frequent watering than plastic pots, for the Planter boxes check the moisture content and water accordingly. 


Make sure the containers you use in balcony are compatible and convenient to grow plants e.g. “Little planter boxes”. Make sure they have adequate drainage as well. Buy terracotta pots for the balcony garden in humid place and their keep the soil cool and absorbs excess water. Plan and think about the type of pots you need to accommodate for the balcony garden. Have fun and play with colors to vary the colors of the containers to bring cheerfulness to your balcony. Use a potting media that is designed for containers, these kinds of soils is very light. Usage of potting mix in balcony garden helps in less usage of water and top up of mature and nutrients and repotting is not necessary, removal of top layer soil is not needed.


A great option for making the most of your balcony is vertical gardening and you use every inch of your space to create a beautiful garden. You can use railing planters, vertical stands and hanging pots and various step stands. Optimize your vertical space as much as you can. This will save space and extremely economical. Vertical garden stands are ideal for vegetables, fruits, and flowers which have a relatively small root base.

Vertical gardening allows you to grow more organic vegetables in balcony. Vegetables and fruit like lettuce and tomatoes are often produced more. By using a vertical gardening to grow your own food, you can have a lot more control over the quality.

To give a bit of greenery and color to your balcony, grow flowers. Depending on your taste and desire depending upon the space and sunlight of your balcony, the possibilities are endless. Small patios in the city are a luxury. A small balcony garden is a great way to break up the uniformity of traditional urban life. Whether you are growing ornamental flowers or vegetable, introducing a living element to your outdoor and indoor retreat can help make it a destination you look forward to enjoying.